BRAHMANA

The Brāhmaas (Devanagari: ब्राह्मणं) are part of the Hindu śruti.

The Brahmanas are originally instructions for the proper performance of ritual and sacrifice, but they are also the nucleus of later Hindu philosophy, introducing concepts of Karma and Samsara, the four stages in the life of a Brahmin, viz., brahmacarya, grihastha, vanaprastha, sannyasi, and mystical notions presaging Vedanta philosophy. Some Brahmanas contain sections that came to be considered an Aranyaka or Upanishad in their own right.

Each Brahmana is associated with one of the four Vedas, and within the tradition of that Veda with a particular shakha or school:

  • Rigveda
    • Shakala shakha: Aitareya Brahmana (AB)
    • Bashkala shakha: Kaushitaki Brahmana (KS)
    • Tandya Brahmana
  • Samaveda
    • Kauthuma: PB, SadvB
    • Jayminiya: Jayminiya Brahmana (JB)
    • Tandyamaha or Pancavimsa Brahmana
    • Sadvimsa Brahmana
    • Samavidhana Brahmana
    • Arseya Brahmana
    • Devatadhyaya or Daivata Brahmana
    • Mantra or Chandogya Brahmana
    • Samhitopanisad Brahmana
    • Vamsa Brahmana
    • Jayminiya Arseya Brahmana
    • Jayminiya Upanisad Brahmana
  • Yajurveda
    • Kathaka Brahmana
    • Krishna: the Brahmanas are integrated into the samhitas:
      • Maitrayani (MS)
      • Carakakatha (CS)
      • Kapisthalakatha (KS)
      • Taittiriya (TS). The Taittiriya school has an additional Taittiriya Brahmana (TB)
    • Shukla
      • Vajasaneyi Madhyandina: Shatapatha Brahmana, Madhyadina recension (ShB)
      • Kanva: Shatapatha Brahmana, Kanva recension (ShBK)
  • Atharvaveda
    • Paippalada: Gopatha Brahmana
  • Sumber : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmana


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